In the context of national efforts to develop and implement psychological state policies, it’s important not only to guard and promote the psychological well-being of its citizens but also to satisfy the requirements of individuals with specific mental disorders.
Our knowledge of what to try to to about the growing burden of mental disorders has improved dramatically over the past decade. there’s a growing body of evidence demonstrating the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of major interventions for priority mental disorders in countries at various levels of economic development. the subsequent are samples of cost-effective, affordable and affordable interventions: Treatment of epilepsy with antiepileptic drugs; Treating depression with psychotherapy, and with antidepressants (produced as generic drugs) in moderate to severe depression. Treating psychosis with old antipsychotic medicines additionally to psychosocial support.
Taxing alcoholic beverages and restricting their availability and marketing. there’s also a variety of effective measures to stop suicides, prevent and treat mental disorders among children, prevent and treat cases of dementia, and treat drug-related disorders. The psychological state Gap Action Program has prepared evidence-based guidelines for non-specialists to enable them to diagnose and manage priority psychological state conditions.
WHO response ??
WHO supports governments in achieving the goal of improving and promoting psychological state , has evaluated the evidence for psychological state promotion, and is functioning with governments to spread this information and integrate effective strategies into policies and plans.
In 2013, the planet Health Assembly approved a “Comprehensive psychological state Action Plan 2013-2020”. The plan represents a commitment by all member states of the organization to require specific measures to enhance psychological state and contribute to achieving a group of worldwide goals. The overall goal of the action plan is to market psychological recovery, prevent mental disorders, provide care, support recovery, promote human rights and reduce mortality, morbidity, and disability for people with mental disorders. It focuses on 4 main goals to realize the following:
Promote effective leadership and management of psychological state issues; Providing comprehensive and integrated health care services that answer the requirements of the population and social care services in community health facilities. Implement strategies to market psychological state and prevention; Strengthening information systems, evidence, and research necessary for psychological state . Special attention is given to the action plan for shielding and promoting human rights, strengthening and empowering civil society, and to the central place in community care.
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In order to realize its goals, the action plan proposes and requires clear actions that governments, international partners and WHO must take.
Ministries of health will need to take a leadership role and WHO will work with it and with international and national partners, including civil society, to implement the plan. In the absence of any measures that are appropriate for all countries, each government will need to adapt the action decide to its specific national circumstances.
Implementation of the action plan will allow persons with mental disorders to get the following:
Easily access psychological state and social care services; Treatment by doctors with the required skills publicly health care facilities; this process facilitates the WHO work program on Bridging the psychological state Gap and its evidence-based tools. Participate in reorganizing, providing and evaluating services in order that care and treatment become more aware of needs. Increase access to government disability benefits, housing, and livelihood programs, and improve participation in work, community life, and civil affairs.
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